March 20th, 1856, the Battle of Santa Rosa / 20 de marzo la Batalla de Santa Rosa.


On March 20th, 1856, in the Santa Rosa Hacienda in Guanacaste (now the site of Santa Rosa National Park) the Battle of Santa Rosa took place between Costa Rica and the invading U.S. freebooters. Under the command of William Walker, their objective was to create an empire of slave states on the Central American isthmus.

When President Juan Rafael Mora became aware of this plan that would attack the sovereignty and recent Independence of Costa Rica, he directed Generals Jose Joaquin Mora (his brother) and Jose Maria Cañas to organize 9,000 men armed with brave hearts and humble spirits to come to Guanacaste and prevent the invasion of freebooters on national territory.

 It was an intense battle that lasted between 15 and 20 minutes at the Hacienda. It resulted in a Costa Rican victory due largely in part to the retreat of the invading army to Rivas, Nicaragua, and the extra arms taken from 15 freebooters captured in battle.

 The memory of this battle affirms the freedom, sovereignty, and independence of Costa Rica, and pays tribute to the courage of the humble men and women ready to defend their rights against any oppressor.

***

El 20 de marzo de 1856 en la Hacienda Santa Rosa, Guanacaste (actualmente Parque Nacional de Santa Rosa) se disputó la Batalla de Santa Rosa contra los invasores filibusteros nativos de Estados Unidos, bajo el liderazgo de William Walker. Su objetivo era crear un imperio en el istmo, esclavizando los cinco país centroamericanos.

El presidente Juan Rafael Mora se enteró de tan maligno plan que atentaba con la soberanía y reciente independencia de Costa Rica. Por lo que bajo la dirección de los Generales José Joaquín Mora(hermano del presidente) y José María Cañas comandando a 9000 hombres armados de espíritu humilde pero corazón valiente se dirigieron a Guanacaste para no permitir el ingreso de los filibusteros a territorio nacional.

Una fuerte batalla que duró aproximadamente de 15 a 20 minutos se dio en la Hacienda. Saliendo victorioso el batallón costarricense, obligando la retirada del ejercito invasor hacia Rivas Nicaragua y el fusilamiento en Liberia de 15 filibusteros capturados en batalla.

La memoria de esta batalla ratifica la libertad, soberanía e independencia de Costa Rica, la valentía de sus mujeres y hombres humildes listos para defender sus derechos ante cualquier opresor.

batalla de Santa rosa

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